|Meaning:||sausage in a bun|
|Related Names:||Burrito, Hamburger, Oscar Meyer, Pepsi|
History of the Name
Long before the hot dog was called a hot dog, it was called a frankfurter, or the shortened term "frank," after Frankfurt, Germany. Another common name, Wiener, derives from the German name for Vienna, Austria: Wien. A hot dog was called a "wiener-frankfurter" or wienerwurst, meaning "Vienna sausage."
In the mid-1800s, the sausages earned the nickname "dachshund sausages," because of the similarity in shape to the long thin German dogs. This was the name they were called when they first began to be sold in America.
A German vendor in the 1880s who sold these sausages right off the grill called them "red hots," and served them in buns so that customers would not burn their hands. It is also possible that the term "red hots" arose as a marketing ploy to sell the sausages on cold days. Then, in the late 19th century, mobile hot dog vendors became known as "dog wagons," which was both a shortening of the term "dachshund" and a commentary on the poor-quality meat— an urban legend said that the sausages were made of dog meat. It's a short stretch from "red hots" and "dog wagons" to "hot dog," and by the 1890s, the term hot dog was widespread.
The term hot dog was supposedly popularized even more by a cartoonist named T.A. Dorgan who in 1901 drew a cartoon of a dachshund in a bun with the subtitle "Hot Dog." Legend says he invented this term because he could not spell dachshund, but there is evidence of the term predating this cartoon by several years.
History of the Hot Dog
Though sausages have been a common food since Roman times, the hot dog as we know it was probably developed in Frankfurt, Germany during the 15th century. Other sources date the hot dog to the late 17th century, and credit it to Johann Georghehner, who promoted his new product in Frankfurt. It was brought to America by German immigrants and became a common food in the late 19th century. The origin of the hot dog bun is unknown, but there are several theories. It may have been used as an insulator to keep customers from burning their hands or it may simply have developed to make the food more convenient for sales at places such as the World's Fair, Coney Island and ball parks. The hot dog became associated with these iconic American playgrounds by the turn of the 20th century.
What's in the Dog?
Hot dogs may be made of beef, pork, turkey, or chicken, or of any combination of those meats. Sausages were originally made by stuffing meat into animal intestines, but only some hot dogs are made that way now. Those known as "skinless" are cooked in a casing made of cellulose, which is then removed. Those with "natural casing" are cooked in the traditional manner, using a casing that may or may not be of the same animal as the meat. Some hot dogs may be made with animal byproducts such as heart, kidney or liver in addition to meat. Hot dogs often contain cereal fillers such as flour or soy, and some may contain egg whites and spices. Hot dogs made without byproducts or fillers are considered to be healthier. The USDA requires all packaged hot dogs in the United States to list their ingredients.
Other Common Names
- Red Hot
- Tube Steaks
- Wiener Würstchen
- Frankfurter Würstel
Author: Sarena Ulibarri
|Meaning||sausage in a bun +|
|Meaningnc||sausage in a bun +|
|Name||hot dog +|
|Pronunciation||hawt dawg +|
|Rank in 2000s||0 +|
|Related||Burrito +, Hamburger +, Oscar Meyer +, and Pepsi +|