|Meaning:||a ground beef sandwich, from Hamburg|
|Related Names:||French Fries, Wiener, Frankfurter|
The Hamburger, as we know it, was created in the 19th century and was brought to the United States by German immigrants. Its original name in the English language was Hamburg Steak, since its origin was credited to Hamburg, Germany. It may also have been called Hamburg Beefsteak. Usage gradually shifted to the name Hamburger Steak, and the Oxford English Dictionary cites that the first instance of this term in writing occurred in 1889. Merriam-Webster dates usage back just a little further to 1884. The shorter form Burger was in common use by 1939, and other forms such as Cheeseburger and Beefburger emerged around the same time. Since there is no Ham in a Hamburger, the term Beefburger was created to allay the confusion. The term was short-lived, but did help the shorter form Burger take on a life of its own.
So, the Hamburger gets its name from Hamburg, Germany. Where did Hamburg, Germany, get its name? In 808 C.E., Charlemagne had a castle built between the Alster and the Elbe as a defense against the Slavs. This famous castle was named Hammaburg. The German burg means "fortress" or "castle" and ham means "water meadow," or "marsh." Hammaburg was built on a bit of rocky ground in the midst of a marshland, so the name essentially means "marsh castle."
- In Germany, a Hamburger is called a Frikadelle or a Bulette.
- An important battle in the Vietnam war was called The Battle of Hamburger Hill. Hamburger Hill was a nickname given to the hill by the soldiers, because it was said that anyone who fought on the hill was "chewed up like a hamburger."
HAMBURGER AS A SURNAME
There are a number of people in the world with the surname Hamburger. This surname is of Jewish and German origin, and was originally given to those who hailed from the city of Hamburg, Germany. According to WhitePages.com, Hamburger ranks as number 18,153 on the list of most common surnames in the United States. The highest concentration of people with the surname Hamburger is in California, followed by New York, Florida and Pennsylvania.
FAMOUS PEOPLE WITH THE SURNAME HAMBURGER
- Bo Hamburger: cyclist (born May 24, 1970)
- Hans Ludwig Hamburger: mathematician (born August 5, 1889)
- Jeffrey F. Hamburger: art historian (born 1957)
- Michael Hamburger: poet and critic (born March 22, 1924)
Author: Sarena Ulibarri
|Meaning||a ground beef sandwich, from Hamburg +|
|Meaningnc||a ground beef sandwich, from hamburg +|
|Rank in 2000s||0 +|
|Related||French Fries +, Wiener +, and Frankfurter +|